1. Ionophores: Ion Carriers and Channels for Membrane Transport

    Ionophores: Ion Carriers and Channels for Membrane Transport
    Ionophores are molecules that facilitate ion passage in or out of cell membranes. Ion carrier: A substance that can transfer ions from a hydrophilic medium, such as water, into a hydrophobic medium, i.e a biological membrane, where the ions typically would not be soluble.
  2. Differences Between Necrosis and Necroptosis

    Differences Between Necrosis and Necroptosis
    Cell death has traditionally been subdivided into regulated (apoptosis) and unregulated (necrosis) forms. While apoptosis has always been recognized to be a pathway of highly orchestrated signaling events, necrosis or necrotic cell death is known as a fortuitous and unregulated means of cell death that is induced by nonspecific and nonphysiological stress.
  3. Valinomycin Ionophore: Frequently Asked Questions

    Valinomycin Ionophore: Frequently Asked Questions
    Valinomycin is a potent antibiotic which acts as a potassium (K+) ionophore. Induces K+ conductivity in cell membranes. Also active in vitro against Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, and as an apoptosis inducer. Valinomycin is obtained from the cells of several Streptomyces strains, among which "S. tsusimaensis" and S. fulvissimus.
  4. Blasticidin S Hydrochloride: Frequently Asked Questions

    Blasticidin S Hydrochloride: Frequently Asked Questions
    Blasticidin S is an antibiotic used by scientists in bio-research to select cells modified by genetic engineering. It inhibits the growth of a wide range of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells by interfering with protein synthesis. Blasticidin S allows the selection and maintenance of cells expressing the blasticidin-resistance gene.
  5. What is Thapsigargin? Frequently Asked Questions

    What is Thapsigargin? Frequently Asked Questions
    Thapsigargin is derived from the plant Thapsia garganica that produces tumor promoters. This effect is a result of emptying the intracellular calcium stores, which leads to a chain of events that causes apoptosis. Mechanism of Action Chemical structure of Thapsigargin Thapsigargin is an inhibitor of sarco endoplasmic reticulum Ca2 ATPase (SERCA). It pumps calcium ions from the cytoplasm into the lumen...
  6. CHAPS Detergent: Protocols and Frequently Asked Questions

    CHAPS Detergent: Protocols and Frequently Asked Questions
    A nondenaturing zwitterionic detergent for solubilizing membrane proteins and breaking protein-protein interactions. Combines the useful properties of both the sulfobetaine-type and the bile salt detergents. Commonly used for protein solubilization in isoelectric focusing and two-dimensional electrophoresis especially for non-denaturing (without urea) isoelectric focusing.
  7. RNase A: Frequently Asked Questions

    RNase A: Frequently Asked Questions
    Introduction to RNase Ribonucleases (RNases) are a large group of hydrolytic enzymes that degrade ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules. These are nucleases that catalyze the breakdown of RNA into smaller components. They are a superfamily of enzymes which catalyze the degradation of RNA, operating at the levels of transcription and translation. 3D conformation of ribonuclease A enzyme These enzymes are present...
  8. Laboratory and Medicinal Uses for SDS Detergent

    Laboratory and Medicinal Uses for SDS Detergent
    Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS or NaDS), sodiumlaurilsulfate or sodium laurel sulfate (SLS) is an organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)11OSO3Na. It is an anionic surfactant used in many cleaning and hygiene products.
  9. Hygromycin B: Most Frequently Asked Questions

    Hygromycin B: Most Frequently Asked Questions
    A.G.Scientific emerged as a leading manufacturer and importer of Hygromycin B, an antibiotic used for gene selection. Over the past 18 years we have learned a lot about this Aminoglycosides antibiotic. It was our success with a combination of fermentation & synthesis that has allowed us to build a customer base of researchers and catalog biochemical distributors worldwide. Questions on solution storage & what are the procedures to determine toxic concentration are common to all customers of Hygromycin. So here we listed the top questions we have received from our customers.
  10. Rapamycin: Most Commonly Asked Questions

    Rapamycin: Most Commonly Asked Questions
    Discovery of Rapamycin Rapamycin is a macrocyclic triene antibiotic that binds to the cytosolic protein FK-binding protein 12 (FKBP12) and inhibits mTOR pathway by directly binding to the mTOR Complex 1 (mTORC1). It is a potent immunosuppressant having a variety of uses both in vitro and in vivo and is used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation. Chemical structure of...
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