OVERVIEW Kainic Acid is a marine product, derived from the red marine alga Digenea Simplex. Kainic Acid is an excitatory amino acid receptor agonist selective for kainate receptor subtype; conformationally restricted analog of L-glutamic acid. Kainic acid is a potent central nervous system stimulant, and has been developed as the prototype neuroexcitatory amino acid for the induction of seizures in experimental animals, at a typical dose of 10-30 mg/kg in mice. Kainic acid is neuroexcitotoxic and epileptogenic, acting through specific kainate receptors.
- Bacteriocidal antibiotics obtained from Streptomyces that inhibit protein synthesis in bacterial ribosomes and are effective against aerobic gram-negative bacilli. This group of antibiotics includes at least eight drugs: amikacin,gentamicin, kanamycin, neomycin, netilmicin, paromomycin, streptomycin, and tobramycin. All of these drugs have the same basic chemical structure.