Neurological disorders are diseases that affect the brain, central and the autonomic nervous system. According to the University Of California San Francisco, there are more than 600 neurological disorders. Of the many neurological disorders, the most common neurodegenerative diseases among US population is Alzheimer's and Multiple sclerosis. The Multiple Sclerosis Foundation estimates that more than 400,000 people in the United...
- Rolipram is commonly known as a drug used to treat depression. It is in the family of drugs referred to as monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI). It promotes the release of norepinepherine, which in term produces a better mood and an alleviation of depression symptoms. Rolipram is actually a selective phosphodiesterase inhibitor and it inhibits phosphodiesterase IV or PDE-IV, particularly the PDE-IVB subtype. Like most PDE4-inhibitors, it is an anti-inflammatory drug. Rolipram has been studied as a possible antidepressant, and it also has anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive, and anti-tumor effects. Rolipram has also been proposed as a treatment for multiple sclerosis, as well, and recent studies show that rolipram may have antipsychotic effects.
- Ansamycins is a family of secondary metabolites that show antimicrobial activity against many gram-positive and some gram-negative bacteria and includes various compounds, among which: streptovaricins and rifamycins. In addition, these compounds demonstrate antiviral activity towards bacteriophages and poxviruses.
- Withaferin A (WA) is derived from the medical plant Withania somnifera (commonly known as ashwagandha or Indian winter cherry), which has been safely used for centuries in Indian Ayurvedic medicine for treatment of different ailments. Suppresion of angiogenisis, alteration of cytoskeletal architecture, and inhibition of proteasomal activity by WA has also been documented.