Lactic acid is an end product of Glycolysis under anaerobic conditions. There are 2 optically active stereoisomers of lactic acid: L-Lactic acid produced by muscles during anaerobic glycolysis and by most of the lactic acid bacteria. D-Lactic acid Produced by some bacteria, plants and algae. Lactate and lactic acid detection is very important in: Medicine Indicator of ischemia in critical care...
AICAR is the short form for 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide 1-D-ribofuranoside. Alternative names AICA-Riboside, AICA-Ribonucleotide, Acadesine, 5- aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide (AICA)-riboside. What is AICAR? AICAR is an analog of AMP, that activates the AMP-Depending Protein Kinase, up to here AMPK. To understand the main role of AICAR, is necessary to see where AMPK occur and the activation and inhibition effects it provokes.