1. X-GAL: Cloning, Protein-protein Interactions, and Water Testing for E. coli

    X-gal (also abbreviated BCIG for 5-bromo-4-chloro-indolyl-β-D-galactopyranoside) is an organic compound consisting of galactose linked to a substituted indole. The compound was synthesized by Jerome Horwitz and collaborators in Detroit, MI, in 1964. The formal chemical name is often shortened to less accurate but also less cumbersome phrases such as bromochloroindoxyl galactoside.

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