- MW:1253.51 Da
- Appearance:White to off-white solid
- Purity:>98.0% (NMR)
Colistin Sulfate is an antibiotic effective against most gram-negative bacilli. Colistin is a key microbiological component in Colistin Oxolinic Acid Blood Agar utilized in the cultivation of Aminobacter aminovorans, Bacillus species, Hyphomicrobium species and Methylobacterium species.
Colistin is also a critical component is VCN Inhibitor & VCNT Inhibitor growth media used in the isolation of Neisseria species. Mode of Action: Binds to lipids on the cell cytoplasmic membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and disrupts the cell wall integrity.
In Vitro: Colistins are bactericidal to gram-negative bacteria by a detergent-like mechanism. This mechanism involves interaction with lipopolysaccharides and phospholipids of the outer membrane and electrostatic interference with the outer membrane by competitively displacing divalent cations (calcium and magnesium) from the negatively charged phosphate groups of membrane lipids. Colistin (polymyxin E) owns favorable properties of rapid bacterial killing, a narrow spectrum of activity, and an associated slow development of resistance for the treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. There are two forms of colistin available commercially: colistin (sulfate) mainly for topical use and colistin methanesulfonate (sodium) for parenteral use.
In Vivo: High concentrations of colistin in rat ELF are achieved as a result of slow and sustained CMS conversion following i.t. instillation. Colistin is often used in piglets but underdosing and overdosing are frequent. Under- or overdoses of colistin do not result in any major disturbance of piglet fecal microbiota and rarely select for chromosomal resistance in the dominant E. coli population.