C16H19N3O5S • 3H2O
Amoxicillin trihydrate is a semisynthetic broad spectrum antibiotic classified as an aminopenicillin. Amoxicillin induces lysis in bacterial cells by binding to the 1A penicillin binding protein of the cell well. This binding inactivates the protein and prevents proper binding of peptidoglycan chains, thus weakening the cell wall to the eventual point of failure. Amoxicillin is notably stable in the presence of gastric acid.
In clinical medicine, amoxicillin is widely administered as a treatment for a variety of bacterial infections. Infections that typically indicate the use of amoxicillin include skin, throat, ear, nasal and urinary tract infections. Administered on its own, amoxicillin is only effective against beta-lactamase-negative pathogens. In research settings, amoxicillin is often used in studies of antibiotic resistance due to its widespread use in clinical medicine. Meanwhile, research into side effects and potential harm caused by amoxicillin therapy is ongoing.
Research or further manufacturing use only, not for food or drug use.