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Gene Editing for Cystic Fibrosis

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G-418 Sulfate

Antimicrobials > ( E - G ) Antibiotics

Substance Name:G418

CAS Number:108321-42-2

As low as $ 25.00
Price $ 25.00
500 MG $ 25.00
1 G $ 40.00
5 G $ 120.00
5X1 G $ 145.00
25 G $ 395.00
50 G $ 750.00
100 G $ 1250.00
250 G $ 3000.00

Genetic engineering is at the forefront of biotechnology research to treat the most devastating diseases. This technology promises to eradicate genetic mutations that are often fatal and cannot be treated with modern medicine. Let's first understand what exactly genetic engineering is and how it can treat hereditary diseases.

Genetic engineering is at the forefront of biotechnology research to treat the most devastating diseases. This technology promises to eradicate genetic mutations that are often fatal and cannot be treated with modern medicine. Let's first understand what exactly genetic engineering is and how it can treat hereditary diseases.

What Is Gene Editing?

Gene editing is the process of using genetic engineering to alter an organism's DNA. While the processes vary, gene editing allows scientists to add, remove, or alter genetic material at specific points in the human genome. Manipulating genetic material results in adding or removing specific traits. In many cases, the traits that scientists are trying to remove are genes that cause diseases for which there are no available treatments.   DNA puzzle pieces The most well known gene editing technique is CRISPR-Cas9, or "CRISPR". CRISPR[1] was designed to mimic natural gene editing that occurs among bacteria. Certain forms of bacteria capture DNA from hostile viruses and use them to create DNA segments know as CRISPR arrays. This process allows bacteria to more affectively stave off infection. When attacked, bacteria can use RNA segments from CRISPR arrays to target the virus' DNA using Cas-9 or similar enzymes. Bacteria can then "cut" the virus' DNA, rendering it harmless.

How can Gene Editing Treat Cystic Fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disorder[2] that affects the lungs and digestive system. The disease affects cells that produce mucus, sweat, and digestive fluids that are essential to critical body functions. Cystic fibrosis causes those fluids to become thick and sticky, clogging the lungs and other passageways. This makes it difficult for patients to breathe normally.   Red skeletons with organs and cells Since cystic fibrosis is hereditary, it cannot be treated like a normal infection caused by external bacteria or viruses. The condition is normally treated with antibiotics to address secondary chest infections and drugs that thin the mucus in the lungs. Gene editing offers another solution that can potentially treat the root genetic causes of cystic fibrosis and provide permanent relief. The genetic mutation responsible for cystic fibrosis is a mutation in both copies of the cystic fibrosis membrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Genetic engineering techniques like CRISPR can locate the 20 DNA markers that are responsible for the CFTR mutation. CRISPR can then "snip" the affected markers, triggering the DNA to rewrite that genetic sequence without the mutation.   Scientist holding blue agar plate CRISPR can also be used to treat other hereditary diseases. In 2018, scientists[3] in the U.K. conducted an experiment using CRISPR to treat muscular dystrophy in dogs. After identifying the gene responsible for the canine version of the disease, scientists injected the dogs with an engineered virus designed to replace that particular gene. The treated dogs showed significant improvement within weeks and similar treatments could become available for human patients in the future. Regardless of the specific disease, scientists need the ability to isolate the gene responsible and replace it. Vectors that are reliably able to help select, remove, and replace troublesome genes are essential to genetic engineering.

How Does G-418 Antibiotic Fit into the Picture?

G-418 Sulfate Salt is one of several gene selection antibiotics. Others include Hygromycin B, Blasticidin S HCl, and Puromycin (see table below for more). G-418 is also referred to as geneticin and is used in molecular genetic experiments requiring eukaryotic transformation.   Chemical Structure of G418 Antibiotic
Transformation is one of several ways that genes can be transferred through direct contact between different types of bacteria. Transformation experiments involve altering cells through the uptake and incorporation of external genetic material via the cell membrane. G-418 functions by causing a series of mutations during translation that inhibit polypeptide synthesis and protein elongation. It is specifically used to select and maintain eukaryotic cells that are transfected with vectors expressing neomycin resistance. G-418 is also frequently used as a gene selection antibiotic in genome editing utilizing CRISPR.

AG Scientific's Gene Selection Antibiotics

SKU Product
A-1022 Actinomycin D
B-1247 Blasticidin S HCl
B-1247-SOL Blasticidin S HCl Solution
C-2621 Chloramphenicol Acetate
G-1033 G-418 Sulfate
G-1035 G-418 Sulfate Solution
H-1012-DI Hygromycin B in DI Water
H-1012-MU Hygromycin B, Concentrated Solution
H-1012-PBS Hygromycin B, in PBS Buffer
H-1012-SOLID Hygromycin B, Solid
K-1022 Kanamycin Sulfate
K-1023 Kanamycin Sulfate Solution
M-1036 Mycophenolic Acid
M-1108 Mitomycin C
M-1130 Mitomycin C, in NaCl
M-2705 Methotrexate
N-1053 Neomycin sulfate
N-2675 Nourseothricin Sulfate
P-1033 Puromycin Dihydrochloride
P-1033-SOL Puromycin Dihydrochloride Solution
T-1240 Tetracycline hydrochloride

 

How G-418 is Used for Gene Editing

G-418 can kill eukaryotic cells but several genes can help cells survive exposure. One such gene is neoR. Introducing neoR into cells can effectively make them immune to G-418. Once researchers confirm that the cells are immune they can isolate the vector that introduced G-418. A vector is a DNA molecule that can be used as a vehicle to carry foreign genetic material into another cell. That's the science that makes CRISPR and other forms of genetic engineering possible. Scientists rely on natural biological processes to transfer genetic material from one cell to another. Without G-418, it would be far more difficult and time consuming to isolate those vectors.   5 gm bottle of G418 Antibiotic by AG Scientific, Inc. Genetic engineering gives scientists and medical professionals the ability to literally rewrite portions of the human genome. This technology permanently eliminates hereditary conditions and provides lasting relief. Critical to this process is G-418, which lets scientists conduct research into hereditary diseases and find the specific portions of the genome responsible. With the right research and enough time, some of the worst diseases could soon be history.

Sources

  • [1] https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/genomicresearch/genomeediting
  • [2] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystic-fibrosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353700
  • [3] https://www.wired.com/story/crispr-halted-muscular-dystrophy-in-dogs-someday-it-might-cure-humans/
  • [4] http://www.agscientific.com