- Formula:C22H30Cl2N10 • 2C2H4O2
- MW:625.55 Da
- Appearance:White to off-white powder
Chlorhexidine diacetate is a bis(biguanide) compound with broad spectrum antimicrobial properties that make it effective against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. In solution, positively charged chlorhexidine binds to cell wall phospholipids, causing bacterial cell walls to rupture and ultimately leading to cell death. Depending on concentration, the compound may exert either a bacteriostatic or bactericidal effect.
Upon application in vitro, chlorhexidine can kill nearly 100% of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria within 30 seconds. Since chlorhexidine formulations can destroy the majority of categories of microbes, there is limited risk for the development of an opportunistic infections.
• Chlorhexidine diacetate is used regularly both as a topical antiseptic and as an antimicrobial component of mouthwash.
• Can be used to clean wounds, prevent dental plaque and treat yeast infections of the mouth.
• Used in more rigorous medical applications, both as an antimicrobial agent for preventing infection after catheterization and for disinfecting medical and surgical devices.
• Shown to be effective in inactivating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
• Preparation of a 0.5% chlorhexidine diacetate solution for cleansing cow teats after milking.
• EC Number: 200-302-4
|Handling||Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use personal protective equipment as required. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray. Use with local exhaust ventilation. Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Corrosive hazard. Wear protective gloves/clothing and eye/face protection. Thermal decomposition can lead to release of toxic/corrosive gases and vapors.|